The new government lifted the state of emergency, released thousands of political detainees, and implemented a policy to create regional peace with the government of Eritrea. However, ethnic conflicts persist as the sudden declaration of “policy of national peace and conciliation” did not solve basic social and economic problems.

With regard to economic transformation, Ethiopia has made visible progress – in continuity with the ambitious aims of the previous government to make Ethiopia a “middle-income country” by 2025, according to World Bank terminology.

But Abiy Ahmed’s policy of liberalization did not bring peace and progress immediately. Violent clashes occurred amongst opposing camps in and around Addis Ababa and included deaths, thousands of arrests and the reappearance of authoritarian policing.

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