The legitimacy of Bahrain’s semi-democratic institutions has declined among the ruling class and the opposition. The democratic institutions are no longer capable of channelling political confrontations.

Although the country´s natural resources provide for a relatively high overall living standard, vast proportions of the population are excluded from society and the kingdom’s wealth, especially women, Shi’ites and migrant workers.

Structural constraints are fundamentally limited to political and economic matters due to the kingdom’s geographical location, its natural wealth and its dependence on its neighbors. Although considerable new oil and gas resources were discovered, Manama will not be able to pursue self-determined policies due to Saudi Arabia’s interference in its internal affairs.

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