BTI 2016

Transformation Index

The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI) analyzes and evaluates the quality of democracy, a market economy and political management in 129 developing and transition countries. It measures successes and setbacks on the path toward a democracy based on the rule of law and a socially responsible market economy.

Rank Country Value
1 Taiwan 9.53
2 Estonia 9.49
3 Czech Republic 9.40
4 Uruguay 9.26
5 Poland 9.23
6 Lithuania 9.15
7 Slovenia 9.01
8 Chile 8.77
9 Slovakia 8.75
10 Latvia 8.63
11 South Korea 8.57
12 Costa Rica 8.49
13 Mauritius 8.09
14 Romania 8.06
15 Croatia 7.93
16 Bulgaria 7.91
17 Botswana 7.84
18 Hungary 7.69
19 Brazil 7.60
20 Montenegro 7.48
21 Serbia 7.43
22 Panama 7.32
23 Turkey 7.30
24 Jamaica 7.20
25 Singapore 7.17
26 Namibia 7.05
26 South Africa 7.05
28 India 6.96
29 El Salvador 6.90
30 Ghana 6.88
31 Macedonia 6.86
31 Peru 6.86
33 Albania 6.71
34 Argentina 6.65
34 Colombia 6.65
36 Mongolia 6.61
37 Bolivia 6.58
38 Philippines 6.53
39 Indonesia 6.47
40 Dominican Republic 6.44
41 Mexico 6.40
42 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.38
42 Paraguay 6.38
44 Kosovo 6.33
45 Georgia 6.31
46 Benin 6.28
47 Moldova 6.24
48 Malaysia 6.21
49 Uganda 6.19
50 Tunisia 6.15
51 Senegal 6.11
52 Ukraine 6.05
52 United Arab Emirates 6.05
54 Bhutan 6.02
55 Qatar 6.01
56 Honduras 5.94
57 Kuwait 5.85
58 Kenya 5.80
59 Lebanon 5.74
60 Kyrgyzstan 5.71
61 Zambia 5.70
62 Sri Lanka 5.58
62 Tanzania 5.58
64 Armenia 5.56
65 Ecuador 5.55
65 Malawi 5.55
67 Liberia 5.54
68 Nicaragua 5.53
69 Niger 5.40
70 Bangladesh 5.39
71 Sierra Leone 5.37
72 Papua New Guinea 5.36
73 Lesotho 5.33
74 Mozambique 5.23
75 Mali 5.18
76 Guatemala 5.13
77 Algeria 5.11
78 Côte d'Ivoire 5.09
78 Jordan 5.09
80 Guinea 5.08
81 Russia 5.06
82 Madagascar 4.97
83 Bahrain 4.96
84 China 4.95
85 Kazakhstan 4.88
85 Nigeria 4.88
87 Rwanda 4.83
88 Thailand 4.79
89 Oman 4.75
90 Nepal 4.74
91 Vietnam 4.72
92 Burkina Faso 4.71
93 Togo 4.70
94 Morocco 4.60
95 Azerbaijan 4.44
96 Egypt 4.40
97 Burundi 4.36
98 Mauritania 4.35
99 Belarus 4.27
100 Cameroon 4.26
100 Saudi Arabia 4.26
102 Angola 4.16
103 Cuba 4.15
104 Cambodia 4.12
105 Venezuela 4.04
106 Pakistan 3.90
107 Laos 3.83
107 Zimbabwe 3.83
109 Tajikistan 3.60
110 Congo, Rep. 3.58
111 Ethiopia 3.55
112 Iraq 3.53
113 Chad 3.50
114 Haiti 3.46
115 Uzbekistan 3.40
116 Turkmenistan 3.39
117 Congo, DR 3.09
118 Iran 2.98
118 Myanmar 2.98
120 Afghanistan 2.95
121 Yemen 2.91
122 Central African Republic 2.89
123 South Sudan 2.82
124 Libya 2.64
125 Sudan 2.44
126 North Korea 2.14
127 Syria 1.80
128 Eritrea 1.71
129 Somalia 1.38
Rank Country Value Trend
1 Uruguay 9.95
2 Estonia 9.70
3 Taiwan 9.55
4 Poland 9.50
5 Czech Republic 9.45
6 Lithuania 9.30
7 Costa Rica 9.20
7 Slovenia 9.20
9 Chile 9.15
10 Slovakia 8.85
11 Latvia 8.75
12 Mauritius 8.60
13 South Korea 8.50
14 Croatia 8.40
15 Jamaica 8.30
16 Botswana 8.25
17 Bulgaria 8.15
17 Romania 8.15
19 Brazil 8.05
20 Ghana 7.90
21 Montenegro 7.85
21 Serbia 7.85
23 India 7.75
23 Namibia 7.75
25 Hungary 7.60
25 Panama 7.60
25 South Africa 7.60
28 Argentina 7.55
28 Benin 7.55
30 Bolivia 7.30
30 El Salvador 7.30
30 Mongolia 7.30
33 Turkey 7.25
34 Senegal 7.15
35 Dominican Republic 7.10
36 Albania 6.95
37 Indonesia 6.90
38 Paraguay 6.75
38 Ukraine 6.75
40 Georgia 6.70
40 Moldova 6.70
40 Niger 6.70
40 Philippines 6.70
44 Colombia 6.65
44 Kosovo 6.65
44 Macedonia 6.65
47 Uganda 6.60
48 Honduras 6.55
49 Liberia 6.55
49 Peru 6.55
51 Bhutan 6.50
51 Malawi 6.50
53 Sierra Leone 6.42
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.30
54 Mexico 6.30
54 Tunisia 6.30
57 Kenya 6.25
57 Zambia 6.25
59 Tanzania 6.15
60 Kyrgyzstan 5.95
61 Papua New Guinea 5.90
62 Mali 5.85
63 Guinea 5.80
64 Lebanon 5.70
65 Lesotho 5.65
66 Mozambique 5.60
66 Nicaragua 5.60
68 Côte d'Ivoire 5.50
69 Ecuador 5.45
70 Madagascar 5.40
70 Nigeria 5.40
72 Singapore 5.37
73 Bangladesh 5.35
74 Armenia 5.23
75 Nepal 5.20
76 Guatemala 5.15
77 Malaysia 4.98
78 Algeria 4.80
78 Togo 4.80
80 Burkina Faso 4.73
81 Sri Lanka 4.67
82 Burundi 4.62
83 Russia 4.40
84 Kuwait 4.38
85 Mauritania 4.27
86 Angola 4.25
87 Zimbabwe 4.20
88 Jordan 4.03
89 Venezuela 4.02
90 United Arab Emirates 3.95
91 Belarus 3.93
91 Egypt 3.93
93 Morocco 3.83
93 Qatar 3.83
93 Rwanda 3.83
96 Cameroon 3.80
97 Haiti 3.75
98 Cambodia 3.73
98 Kazakhstan 3.73
100 Pakistan 3.70
101 Cuba 3.68
102 Tajikistan 3.55
103 Vietnam 3.52
104 Chad 3.50
105 Azerbaijan 3.48
105 Bahrain 3.48
107 Congo, Rep. 3.45
107 Iraq 3.45
109 Congo, DR 3.40
110 Thailand 3.30
111 China 3.28
111 South Sudan 3.28
113 Ethiopia 3.23
114 Oman 3.22
115 Central African Republic 3.20
115 Myanmar 3.20
117 Afghanistan 3.02
117 Uzbekistan 3.02
119 Iran 2.97
120 Laos 2.90
121 Turkmenistan 2.85
122 Yemen 2.82
123 North Korea 2.60
124 Saudi Arabia 2.52
125 Sudan 2.48
126 Libya 2.38
127 Eritrea 2.07
128 Syria 1.70
129 Somalia 1.50
Rank Country Value Trend
1 Taiwan 9.50
2 Czech Republic 9.36
3 Estonia 9.29
4 Lithuania 9.00
5 Poland 8.96
5 Singapore 8.96
7 Slovenia 8.82
8 Slovakia 8.64
8 South Korea 8.64
10 Uruguay 8.57
11 Latvia 8.50
12 Chile 8.39
13 Qatar 8.18
14 United Arab Emirates 8.14
15 Romania 7.96
16 Costa Rica 7.79
16 Hungary 7.79
18 Bulgaria 7.68
19 Mauritius 7.57
20 Croatia 7.46
21 Botswana 7.43
21 Malaysia 7.43
23 Turkey 7.36
24 Kuwait 7.32
25 Peru 7.18
26 Brazil 7.14
27 Montenegro 7.11
28 Macedonia 7.07
29 Panama 7.04
30 Serbia 7.00
31 Colombia 6.64
32 China 6.61
33 El Salvador 6.50
33 Mexico 6.50
33 South Africa 6.50
33 Sri Lanka 6.50
37 Albania 6.46
37 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.46
39 Bahrain 6.43
40 Namibia 6.36
40 Philippines 6.36
42 Oman 6.29
42 Thailand 6.29
44 India 6.18
45 Jordan 6.14
46 Jamaica 6.11
47 Indonesia 6.04
47 Kazakhstan 6.04
49 Kosovo 6.00
49 Paraguay 6.00
49 Saudi Arabia 6.00
49 Tunisia 6.00
53 Georgia 5.93
53 Mongolia 5.93
53 Vietnam 5.93
56 Armenia 5.89
57 Bolivia 5.86
57 Ghana 5.86
59 Rwanda 5.82
60 Dominican Republic 5.79
60 Lebanon 5.79
60 Moldova 5.79
60 Uganda 5.79
64 Argentina 5.75
65 Russia 5.71
66 Ecuador 5.64
67 Bhutan 5.54
68 Kyrgyzstan 5.46
68 Nicaragua 5.46
70 Algeria 5.43
70 Bangladesh 5.43
72 Azerbaijan 5.39
73 Kenya 5.36
73 Morocco 5.36
73 Ukraine 5.36
76 Honduras 5.32
77 Zambia 5.14
78 Guatemala 5.11
79 Senegal 5.07
80 Benin 5.00
80 Lesotho 5.00
80 Tanzania 5.00
83 Egypt 4.86
83 Mozambique 4.86
85 Papua New Guinea 4.82
86 Laos 4.75
87 Cameroon 4.71
88 Burkina Faso 4.68
88 Côte d'Ivoire 4.68
90 Belarus 4.61
90 Cuba 4.61
90 Malawi 4.61
90 Togo 4.61
94 Liberia 4.54
94 Madagascar 4.54
96 Cambodia 4.50
96 Mali 4.50
98 Mauritania 4.43
99 Guinea 4.36
99 Nigeria 4.36
101 Sierra Leone 4.32
102 Nepal 4.29
103 Burundi 4.11
103 Niger 4.11
103 Pakistan 4.11
106 Angola 4.07
106 Venezuela 4.07
108 Turkmenistan 3.93
109 Ethiopia 3.86
110 Uzbekistan 3.79
111 Congo, Rep. 3.71
112 Tajikistan 3.64
113 Iraq 3.61
114 Chad 3.50
115 Zimbabwe 3.46
116 Haiti 3.18
117 Iran 3.00
117 Yemen 3.00
119 Afghanistan 2.89
119 Libya 2.89
121 Congo, DR 2.79
122 Myanmar 2.75
123 Central African Republic 2.57
124 Sudan 2.39
125 South Sudan 2.36
129 Somalia 2.00
126 Syria 1.89
127 North Korea 1.68
128 Eritrea 1.36
Rank Country Value
1 Uruguay 7.56
2 Chile 7.51
3 Taiwan 7.48
4 Estonia 7.40
5 Poland 7.22
6 Lithuania 7.19
7 Latvia 6.97
8 Slovakia 6.96
9 Botswana 6.95
10 South Korea 6.89
11 Costa Rica 6.87
12 Czech Republic 6.85
13 El Salvador 6.76
14 Brazil 6.73
15 Mauritius 6.68
16 Senegal 6.65
17 Bhutan 6.55
18 Slovenia 6.47
19 Ghana 6.41
20 Croatia 6.39
21 Montenegro 6.37
22 Serbia 6.30
23 Liberia 6.16
24 India 6.14
24 Paraguay 6.14
26 Namibia 6.12
27 South Africa 6.09
28 Colombia 6.08
29 Turkey 6.03
30 Jamaica 5.99
31 Singapore 5.96
32 Bulgaria 5.94
32 Niger 5.94
34 Panama 5.86
35 Guinea 5.81
35 Mongolia 5.81
37 Romania 5.79
38 Albania 5.74
39 Georgia 5.72
40 Uganda 5.70
41 Macedonia 5.67
42 Malawi 5.63
43 Dominican Republic 5.62
44 Bolivia 5.60
45 Honduras 5.56
46 Indonesia 5.54
47 Malaysia 5.44
48 Benin 5.42
49 Mali 5.40
50 United Arab Emirates 5.36
51 Peru 5.35
51 Sierra Leone 5.35
53 Qatar 5.33
54 Moldova 5.31
55 Mexico 5.29
55 Tunisia 5.29
57 Philippines 5.20
58 Zambia 5.19
59 Kosovo 5.15
60 Tanzania 5.14
61 Côte d'Ivoire 5.13
62 Rwanda 5.10
63 Kenya 5.00
63 Mozambique 5.00
65 Ukraine 4.98
66 Burkina Faso 4.92
67 Nicaragua 4.90
68 Madagascar 4.84
69 Vietnam 4.83
70 Togo 4.82
71 Argentina 4.78
71 Kyrgyzstan 4.78
73 Papua New Guinea 4.77
74 China 4.70
75 Jordan 4.68
76 Hungary 4.67
77 Guatemala 4.60
78 Sri Lanka 4.51
79 Ecuador 4.44
80 Algeria 4.43
81 Morocco 4.37
82 Bangladesh 4.36
82 Egypt 4.36
84 Armenia 4.29
84 Kuwait 4.29
86 Central African Republic 4.28
87 Kazakhstan 4.25
88 Iraq 4.21
89 Mauritania 4.20
90 Myanmar 4.18
91 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.09
92 Burundi 4.07
93 Cuba 4.06
93 Nigeria 4.06
95 Nepal 4.05
96 Lesotho 4.04
97 Lebanon 3.90
98 Afghanistan 3.88
99 Thailand 3.87
100 Bahrain 3.86
101 Saudi Arabia 3.82
101 Yemen 3.82
103 Azerbaijan 3.72
104 Laos 3.67
104 Oman 3.67
106 Angola 3.63
106 Cameroon 3.63
108 Ethiopia 3.48
109 Haiti 3.44
110 Congo, Rep. 3.43
111 Cambodia 3.40
112 Pakistan 3.31
113 Tajikistan 3.28
114 Russia 3.17
115 South Sudan 2.99
116 Belarus 2.98
117 Chad 2.79
118 Congo, DR 2.76
119 Zimbabwe 2.71
120 Iran 2.69
121 Libya 2.43
122 Turkmenistan 2.39
123 Somalia 2.08
124 Sudan 2.02
125 Uzbekistan 1.94
126 Venezuela 1.86
127 North Korea 1.22
128 Syria 1.20
129 Eritrea 1.13
 

Scores Democracy and Market Economy

Status Index

The Status Index ranks the countries according to their quality of democracy and market economy as of January 31, 2015. read more

Scores Governance

Management Index

The Management Index ranks the countries according to their leadership’s political management performance between February 2013 and January 2015. read more

Methodology

The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI) analyzes and evaluates whether and how developing countries and countries in transition are steering social change toward democracy and a market economy.  read more

FAQ

What is meant by the term “transformation”? Is it even possible to compare countries that are so different, such as Nigeria and Singapore? We answer

Downloads

Here you will find everything  about the studies background. Scores, country and regional reports and the standalone version of the atlas as download. read more