BTI 2018

Transformation Index

The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI) analyzes and evaluates the quality of democracy, a market economy and political management in 129 developing and transition countries. It measures successes and setbacks on the path toward a democracy based on the rule of law and a socially responsible market economy.

Rank Country Score
1 Czech Republic 9.52
1 Estonia 9.52
3 Taiwan 9.42
4 Lithuania 9.24
5 Uruguay 9.19
6 Slovenia 9.18
7 Chile 8.87
8 Latvia 8.68
9 Slovakia 8.59
10 Poland 8.58
11 South Korea 8.55
12 Costa Rica 8.49
13 Mauritius 8.25
14 Croatia 8.07
15 Romania 8.06
16 Botswana 7.89
17 Bulgaria 7.80
18 Hungary 7.43
19 Serbia 7.40
20 Montenegro 7.35
21 Jamaica 7.31
22 Brazil 7.29
23 Argentina 7.27
24 Singapore 7.15
25 Panama 7.11
26 India 6.96
26 South Africa 6.96
28 El Salvador 6.88
29 Peru 6.85
30 Albania 6.83
31 Macedonia 6.76
32 Ghana 6.75
33 Sri Lanka 6.61
34 Colombia 6.59
34 Mongolia 6.59
36 Ukraine 6.54
37 Namibia 6.50
38 Philippines 6.47
39 Bolivia 6.46
40 Dominican Republic 6.44
41 Benin 6.43
42 Georgia 6.42
43 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.28
44 Tunisia 6.27
45 Bhutan 6.25
45 Indonesia 6.25
47 Paraguay 6.24
48 Mexico 6.23
49 Kosovo 6.21
50 Senegal 6.18
51 Turkey 6.17
52 United Arab Emirates 6.07
53 Malaysia 6.00
54 Moldova 5.96
55 Kyrgyzstan 5.90
56 Qatar 5.88
57 Kenya 5.80
58 Ecuador 5.72
59 Uganda 5.66
60 Kuwait 5.61
61 Armenia 5.58
61 Papua New Guinea 5.58
63 Liberia 5.56
64 Honduras 5.51
64 Tanzania 5.51
66 Malawi 5.49
67 Burkina Faso 5.45
67 Zambia 5.45
69 Côte d'Ivoire 5.38
70 Russia 5.31
71 Guinea 5.28
72 Jordan 5.22
73 Lesotho 5.19
74 Lebanon 5.15
74 Sierra Leone 5.15
76 Mali 5.14
76 Nicaragua 5.14
78 Niger 5.13
79 Bangladesh 5.11
80 Guatemala 5.08
81 China 5.02
82 Madagascar 5.01
83 Algeria 4.98
84 Togo 4.89
85 Rwanda 4.80
86 Belarus 4.72
87 Thailand 4.71
88 Kazakhstan 4.70
89 Bahrain 4.62
90 Morocco 4.61
91 Nigeria 4.60
92 Nepal 4.52
93 Oman 4.43
94 Vietnam 4.41
95 Mozambique 4.31
96 Egypt 4.28
97 Saudi Arabia 4.27
98 Cameroon 4.23
99 Mauritania 4.22
100 Azerbaijan 4.13
101 Cuba 4.02
102 Pakistan 4.01
103 Cambodia 4.00
104 Burundi 3.97
105 Angola 3.94
106 Laos 3.85
107 Iraq 3.75
108 Uzbekistan 3.73
109 Haiti 3.50
110 Venezuela 3.47
111 Congo, Rep. 3.38
111 Myanmar 3.38
113 Ethiopia 3.33
113 Zimbabwe 3.33
115 Chad 3.31
115 Tajikistan 3.31
117 Central African Republic 3.28
118 Iran 3.15
119 Turkmenistan 3.14
120 Congo, DR 3.13
121 Afghanistan 2.95
122 Libya 2.60
123 Sudan 2.28
124 South Sudan 2.27
125 North Korea 2.16
126 Eritrea 1.84
127 Yemen 1.72
128 Syria 1.57
129 Somalia 1.34
Rank Country Score Trend
1 Uruguay 9.95
2 Estonia 9.75
3 Taiwan 9.55
4 Lithuania 9.45
5 Czech Republic 9.40
6 Slovenia 9.25
7 Chile 9.20
8 Costa Rica 9.05
9 Latvia 8.75
10 Slovakia 8.60
11 Poland 8.55
12 Mauritius 8.50
13 South Korea 8.45
14 Croatia 8.35
15 Jamaica 8.30
16 Botswana 8.20
17 Romania 8.15
18 Bulgaria 8.10
19 Argentina 8.00
20 Ghana 7.90
21 Benin 7.85
22 Serbia 7.70
23 Brazil 7.65
24 India 7.60
24 South Africa 7.60
26 Montenegro 7.55
27 Namibia 7.50
28 Mongolia 7.40
29 El Salvador 7.30
29 Panama 7.30
31 Bolivia 7.20
32 Hungary 7.15
33 Senegal 7.10
34 Albania 7.05
35 Dominican Republic 6.95
36 Ukraine 6.90
37 Georgia 6.80
38 Colombia 6.75
39 Peru 6.60
40 Bhutan 6.57
41 Liberia 6.55
41 Sri Lanka 6.55
43 Indonesia 6.50
43 Tunisia 6.50
45 Kosovo 6.45
45 Macedonia 6.45
45 Malawi 6.45
45 Paraguay 6.45
49 Burkina Faso 6.40
50 Niger 6.30
50 Papua New Guinea 6.30
50 Philippines 6.30
53 Kenya 6.25
54 Moldova 6.20
55 Kyrgyzstan 6.15
55 Sierra Leone 6.15
57 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.10
57 Mexico 6.10
57 Tanzania 6.10
60 Guinea 6.05
61 Zambia 6.00
62 Mali 5.95
63 Ecuador 5.90
64 Côte d'Ivoire 5.80
64 Honduras 5.80
66 Lesotho 5.60
67 Turkey 5.55
68 Uganda 5.43
69 Singapore 5.42
70 Madagascar 5.35
70 Nigeria 5.35
72 Armenia 5.12
73 Togo 5.07
74 Guatemala 5.05
75 Nicaragua 4.92
76 Nepal 4.90
77 Lebanon 4.87
77 Malaysia 4.78
79 Algeria 4.75
80 Bangladesh 4.62
81 Russia 4.55
82 Kuwait 4.50
83 Mozambique 4.48
84 Jordan 4.37
85 Belarus 4.33
86 Mauritania 4.22
87 Angola 4.20
88 Haiti 4.10
89 United Arab Emirates 4.00
90 Cameroon 3.92
91 Rwanda 3.88
92 Zimbabwe 3.83
93 Burundi 3.80
93 Kazakhstan 3.80
93 Morocco 3.80
93 Venezuela 3.80
97 Qatar 3.73
98 Egypt 3.70
98 Pakistan 3.70
100 Central African Republic 3.60
100 Iraq 3.60
102 Cuba 3.58
103 Cambodia 3.57
104 Myanmar 3.50
105 Congo, DR 3.47
106 Chad 3.45
107 Azerbaijan 3.43
108 Vietnam 3.35
109 China 3.28
110 Congo, Rep. 3.25
110 Thailand 3.25
112 Bahrain 3.23
113 Uzbekistan 3.17
114 Afghanistan 3.02
114 Ethiopia 3.02
116 Oman 3.00
117 Tajikistan 2.98
119 Iran 2.92
118 Laos 2.92
120 Turkmenistan 2.85
121 South Sudan 2.62
122 North Korea 2.60
123 Libya 2.57
123 Saudi Arabia 2.57
125 Sudan 2.23
126 Eritrea 2.12
127 Yemen 1.80
128 Syria 1.75
129 Somalia 1.43
Rank Country Score Trend
1 Czech Republic 9.64
2 Estonia 9.29
3 Taiwan 9.29
4 Slovenia 9.11
5 Lithuania 9.04
6 Singapore 8.89
7 South Korea 8.64
8 Latvia 8.61
8 Poland 8.61
10 Slovakia 8.57
11 Chile 8.54
12 Uruguay 8.43
13 United Arab Emirates 8.14
14 Qatar 8.04
15 Mauritius 8.00
16 Romania 7.96
17 Costa Rica 7.93
18 Croatia 7.79
19 Hungary 7.71
20 Botswana 7.57
21 Bulgaria 7.50
22 Malaysia 7.21
23 Montenegro 7.14
24 Peru 7.11
24 Serbia 7.11
26 Macedonia 7.07
27 Brazil 6.93
27 Panama 6.93
29 Turkey 6.79
30 China 6.75
31 Kuwait 6.71
32 Sri Lanka 6.68
33 Philippines 6.64
34 Albania 6.61
35 Argentina 6.54
36 Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.46
36 El Salvador 6.46
38 Colombia 6.43
39 Mexico 6.36
40 India 6.32
40 Jamaica 6.32
40 South Africa 6.32
43 Thailand 6.18
43 Ukraine 6.18
45 Jordan 6.07
45 Russia 6.07
47 Armenia 6.04
47 Georgia 6.04
47 Paraguay 6.04
47 Tunisia 6.04
51 Bahrain 6.00
51 Indonesia 6.00
53 Kosovo 5.96
53 Saudi Arabia 5.96
53 Bhutan 5.93
53 Dominican Republic 5.93
57 Uganda 5.89
58 Oman 5.86
59 Mongolia 5.79
60 Bolivia 5.71
60 Moldova 5.71
60 Rwanda 5.71
63 Kyrgyzstan 5.64
64 Bangladesh 5.61
64 Ghana 5.61
64 Kazakhstan 5.61
67 Ecuador 5.54
68 Namibia 5.50
69 Vietnam 5.46
70 Lebanon 5.43
70 Morocco 5.43
72 Kenya 5.36
72 Nicaragua 5.36
74 Senegal 5.25
75 Algeria 5.21
75 Honduras 5.21
77 Belarus 5.11
77 Guatemala 5.11
79 Benin 5.00
80 Côte d'Ivoire 4.96
81 Tanzania 4.93
82 Zambia 4.89
83 Egypt 4.86
83 Papua New Guinea 4.86
85 Azerbaijan 4.82
86 Laos 4.79
86 Lesotho 4.79
88 Togo 4.71
89 Madagascar 4.68
90 Liberia 4.57
91 Cameroon 4.54
91 Malawi 4.54
93 Burkina Faso 4.50
93 Guinea 4.50
95 Cuba 4.46
96 Cambodia 4.43
97 Mali 4.32
97 Pakistan 4.32
99 Uzbekistan 4.29
100 Mauritania 4.21
101 Burundi 4.14
101 Mozambique 4.14
101 Nepal 4.14
101 Sierra Leone 4.14
105 Niger 3.96
106 Iraq 3.89
107 Nigeria 3.86
108 Angola 3.68
109 Ethiopia 3.64
109 Tajikistan 3.64
111 Congo, Rep. 3.50
112 Turkmenistan 3.43
113 Iran 3.39
114 Myanmar 3.25
115 Chad 3.18
116 Venezuela 3.14
117 Central African Republic 2.96
118 Afghanistan 2.89
118 Haiti 2.89
120 Zimbabwe 2.82
121 Congo, DR 2.79
122 Libya 2.64
123 Sudan 2.32
124 South Sudan 1.93
125 North Korea 1.71
126 Yemen 1.64
127 Eritrea 1.57
128 Syria 1.39
129 Somalia 1.25
Rank Country Score
1 Estonia 7.44
2 Uruguay 7.36
3 Chile 7.33
3 Taiwan 7.33
5 Lithuania 7.18
6 Botswana 7.09
7 Czech Republic 7.03
8 Latvia 7.00
9 Costa Rica 6.85
10 Slovenia 6.78
11 Senegal 6.70
11 Slovakia 6.70
13 Mauritius 6.64
14 El Salvador 6.57
15 South Korea 6.51
16 Bhutan 6.50
17 Montenegro 6.49
18 Poland 6.25
19 Ghana 6.18
20 Colombia 6.14
21 Croatia 6.07
22 Serbia 6.06
23 Paraguay 6.04
24 Albania 6.02
24 India 6.02
26 Argentina 6.00
27 Bulgaria 5.98
28 Mongolia 5.96
28 South Africa 5.96
30 Brazil 5.95
30 Singapore 5.95
32 Romania 5.89
33 Georgia 5.87
33 Niger 5.87
35 Benin 5.86
35 Jamaica 5.86
37 Liberia 5.84
38 Guinea 5.82
39 Peru 5.81
40 Panama 5.72
41 Bolivia 5.66
42 Malawi 5.61
43 Sri Lanka 5.60
44 Dominican Republic 5.57
45 United Arab Emirates 5.55
46 Côte d'Ivoire 5.54
47 Namibia 5.49
48 Indonesia 5.45
49 Ukraine 5.41
50 Qatar 5.40
51 Tunisia 5.33
52 Uganda 5.31
53 Macedonia 5.24
54 Burkina Faso 5.20
54 Malaysia 5.20
54 Rwanda 5.20
57 Kosovo 5.17
57 Mali 5.17
57 Mexico 5.17
60 Moldova 5.15
61 Madagascar 5.12
62 Togo 5.10
63 Tanzania 5.07
64 Zambia 5.06
65 Ecuador 4.99
66 Honduras 4.98
67 Sierra Leone 4.93
68 Kenya 4.92
69 Philippines 4.90
70 Jordan 4.84
71 China 4.79
72 Papua New Guinea 4.78
73 Kyrgyzstan 4.73
74 Turkey 4.72
75 Nigeria 4.59
76 Algeria 4.55
77 Guatemala 4.52
78 Vietnam 4.51
79 Hungary 4.44
80 Iraq 4.43
81 Kazakhstan 4.41
82 Kuwait 4.37
83 Morocco 4.28
84 Bangladesh 4.27
85 Armenia 4.25
85 Mozambique 4.25
87 Nicaragua 4.22
88 Central African Republic 4.10
89 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.09
90 Mauritania 4.06
91 Afghanistan 4.02
92 Myanmar 3.97
93 Egypt 3.96
94 Cuba 3.93
95 Laos 3.89
95 Thailand 3.89
97 Azerbaijan 3.86
98 Saudi Arabia 3.80
99 Nepal 3.74
100 Ethiopia 3.65
101 Angola 3.60
101 Lebanon 3.60
103 Lesotho 3.59
104 Oman 3.54
105 Bahrain 3.52
105 Belarus 3.52
105 Russia 3.52
108 Pakistan 3.51
109 Cameroon 3.46
110 Haiti 3.39
111 Tajikistan 3.31
112 Burundi 3.29
113 Cambodia 3.23
114 Congo, Rep. 3.00
115 Iran 2.85
116 Chad 2.84
117 Uzbekistan 2.55
118 Turkmenistan 2.51
119 Congo, DR 2.47
120 Zimbabwe 2.37
121 South Sudan 2.30
122 Libya 2.29
123 Somalia 2.25
124 Sudan 1.97
125 Venezuela 1.86
126 Yemen 1.70
127 North Korea 1.30
128 Eritrea 1.13
128 Syria 1.13
 

Scores Democracy and Market Economy

Status Index

The Status Index ranks the countries according to their quality of democracy and market economy as of January 31, 2017. read more

Scores Governance

Governance Index

The Governance Index ranks the countries according to their leadership’s political management performance between February 2015 and January 2017. read more

Methodology

The Bertelsmann Stiftung’s Transformation Index (BTI) analyzes and evaluates whether and how developing countries and countries in transition are steering social change toward democracy and a market economy.  read more

FAQ

What is meant by the term “transformation”? Is it even possible to compare countries that are so different, such as Nigeria and Singapore? We answer

Downloads

Here you will find everything  about the studies background. Scores, country and regional reports. read more